Nazi Documents Open to Public for the First Time
After more than 60 years the archives of the International Tracing Service have become accessible to the public. Historical researchers and other interested people can now examine archives and documents from the Second World War at the Tracing Service in Bad Arolsen, Germany. Previously such access was granted only to the victims of Nazi persecution and their next of kin. The archives contain over 50 million information regarding the persecution, exploitation and extermination of millions of civilians by the Nazis.
“The sheer dimensions of the collection and its unique nature both enable these documents to make plain the horrors inflicted systematically and on an enormous scale by the National Socialist regime from 1933 to 1945,” says Reto Meister, director of the Tracing Service. “It will now be possible to carry out detailed research on, for example, the transport of prisoners, the camp populations, and the health of forced labourers.”
The Service is answerable to the 11-member International Commission for the International Tracing Service and its work is based on the 1955 Bonn Agreements and the 2006 protocol amending those agreements. The Service is directed and administered by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) on behalf of the Commission.
“Today saw the conclusion of a long and difficult process,” said Jakob Kellenberger, ICRC president. “The sensitive information stored at the International Tracing Service is now available to researchers and the broader public. This dark chapter in German history must never be forgotten.”
The Nazis kept meticulous records of their crimes. After the war, the records in the concentration camps were brought to Bad Arolsen. For the past six decades they have been stored in archives, bearing information about the fate of individuals but also about shockingly cruel practices such as medical experiments carried out on the inmates. Now researchers will be able to study these records and hopefully gain new insight into the suffering of individual victims and the Holocaust generally.
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